Migration governance is at all times, and in all places, a necessarily organisational process. What this means is that governance ‘actors’, meaning people working for organisations of varying types – such as national governments, international organisations and NGOs – and with starkly varying degrees of power, must address two basic and linked questions that confront all organisations: what is going on ‘out there’ and what should we do next? The result is that migration governance is necessarily based on judgements, perceptions, and understandings of international migration in its various forms, but these develop in the shadow of considerable uncertainty about the causes and effects of migration. In other words, how we think about the causes of migration affects how we design policies to influence migration, and these understandings vary considerably across the world.
Dossier: Can we govern migration better?Dossiers
Good migration governance is in need of new analytical tools
Recent migratory crises are shedding light on the limits of the global systems of migration governance. These new challenges call for new solutions and the creation of new tools for diagnosis. The “toolbox” currently available appears indeed inadequate both to capture the complexity of the actual governance system and to face the reality of the present crises of human mobility. This paper gives an overview of some its gaps and highlights some of the crucial aspects that need to be covered. New tools for evaluating migration governance need to account for all the actors, layers, and stages of migration governance and to be grounded on the principle of migrant protection.