Auteur: brent

Consider migrant realities

Consider migrant realities For coherent and complementary integration and development policies By Özge Bilgili In international migration, policy discussions revolve around three main issues: management of migration flows, immigrant integration, and migration effects on social, economic, political and human development in origin countries. In all these policy dimensions, a mismatch exists between policy changes in the recent years and the realities on the ground. Broadly speaking, I see the following mismatches: firstly, there is a transition towards stricter migration control independent of the fact that many destination countries are in need of labor that can be provided by migrants. Secondly, integration policies are falling into the trap of a more assimilationist perspective in a globalized world that induces multiple identifications more than ever before. Thirdly, development policies are expected to decrease emigration from the developing world despite the hard evidence illustrating that (human, social and economic) development leads to more emigration, as with socioeconomic development individuals have more resources to realize their aspiration to seek better life opportunities elsewhere. In this context, I believe that the scenarios projected by policy makers are not grounded on pertinent assumptions. Migration does not result in a linear integration from origin to destination country; it is more often the case that migrants craft a combination of origin and destination country orientations (Levitt and Glick Schiller 2004). Especially in a time of massive changes...

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Migration & knowledge transfer

Migration & knowledge transfer By Charlotte Mueller “It’s amazing what migrants bring”. This was the slogan of a 2013 media campaign by the International Organization for Migration (IOM). It displayed sketches of migrants, carrying suitcases filled with “multitasking skills”, “heaps of team spirit”, “a love of teaching”, “strength for building”, “twelve years of study”… The main message: migrants bring valuable skills, expertise and knowledge to their country of destination and thereby make an important and positive contribution to the societies of destination country. Yet, this is only one aspect of migration and knowledge transfer. The topic is of much...

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Migration and Development

De nieuwe editie van VN Forum is van start gegaan: ‘Migration and Development’ Mondiaal worden liefst circa 250 miljoen mensen aangemerkt als migrant (waaronder ruim 65 miljoen vluchtelingen in 2016). De wereld, ónze wereld, is letterlijk in beweging. Want de Noordwest-Europese landen hebben de laatste jaren te maken met een forse migrantentoestroom. Het is een ingewikkelde kwestie; een wirwar van redenen speelt mee in zo’n besluit om huis en haard te verlaten. Een onderschatte drijfveer, zo blijkt in deze editie, is bijvoorbeeld de factor corruptie. En migratie heeft meer onderbelichte kanten. Juist door de complexiteit van migratie gaan we...

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Migration, Environment and Climate Change

Migration, Environment and Climate Change By Andrea Milan An introduction to the topic The relationship between migration, environment and climate change is complex and multifaceted. Migration in the context of environmental and climatic changes takes many forms (internal/international, seasonal/temporary/circular/permanent; regular/irregular) and in a spectrum ranging from forced displacement to voluntary migration. Particularly in rural areas of the global South, environmental drivers of migration have a strong influence on people’s decisions to migrate (or not). In the context of climate change, the influence of these environmental drivers is increasing over time. How environmental changes precisely drive migration depends heavily on...

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From simple consumption to complex impacts

From simple consumption to complex impacts DR. IR. IGOR NIKOLIC (PROFESSIONAL) SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT GOAL 12: Verzeker duurzame consumptie- en productiepatronen “Civilization advances by extending the number of important operations which we can perform without thinking about them.”                            Alfred N. Whitehead, 1911 While we are busy living our lives we are constantly, and most of the time unconsciously, consuming information, energy, water and materials. Part of this consumption is completely unavoidable, since as living, breathing beings we require a constant stream of air, food and water just to stay alive and many material resources for shelter and warmth....

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